101 energía

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Energía 101 por AIE Miembro Fundador: Andrew Hunter

Introducción

Energy is arguably one of the most important environmental topics to date. Although it is an important environmental issue entirely on its own, directly or indirectly, energy relates in some form to all environmental issues and concerns. Take urban planning for example. Direct involvement derives from the amount and type of energy source required to heat an office building. Indirect involvement includes the preliminary designs associated with choosing a geographically desirable location where homes and stores are in the near proximity to reduce a high consumption of energy typically required in commuting.

Listed below are important ideas that provide a basic understanding concerning energy, the focus of the IEA.

No Renovables, Fuentes de Energía

Non-renewable energy sources cannot be produced or used on a scale sustainable for future generations. Therefore, these energy sources can be completely depleted.

Examples of non-renewable energy sources include fossil fuels such as petróleo, carbón y gases naturales.

Fuentes de energía sostenibles

Fuentes de energía sostenibles tienen disponibilidad a largo plazo que satisfaga las necesidades presentes y futuras. También reponer por su cuenta y son energéticamente eficientes, (tenemos mucha más energía de la que ponemos en producirlo).

Los ejemplos incluyen fusión nuclear y quema (limpia) de basura del hogar.

Fuentes Renovables de Energía

Renewable energy sources are those that meet the same requirements as sustainable energy sources, with an additional responsibility to leave minimal impact on the planet. They do not pollute the environment and ecosystems, and lessen global warming. If an energy source is renewable, it is automatically sustainable.

Ejemplos de fuentes de energía renovables incluyen biomasa, geotérmica, hidrógeno hidroeléctrica,, olas del océano y las mareas, las corrientes fluviales, solar y viento.

Eficiencia energética

Energy efficiency is important when discussing renewable energy. In some cases, even though a new and interesting energy source is researched and proven sustainable, it may require almost as much energy to produce the sustainable energy as the sustainable source generates. Energy efficiency is not a new term and is used to describe many traditional technologies such as home insulation and car fuel efficiency.

Independencia Energética

La independencia energética es otro tema de la energía. La mayoría de los gobiernos gustaría mucho ser independiente de energía, y no requieren un suministro de energía de otras naciones. Por ejemplo, los Estados Unidos preferiría que no era dependiente de otras naciones para el aceite.

Conservación de la Energía

Energy conservation is especially important when using non-renewable energy sources. Essentially, conserving these resources will enable them to last longer. Somewhat less obvious and often overlooked is the fact that these sources create harmful greenhouse gases and acid rain. Conservation can be important for renewable energy sources as well. For Although hydroelectric power is generated from a dam and renewable, building a new dam can cause massive environmental changes upstream.

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